Problem management investigates incidents, determines causes, and provides solutions. It is a process that minimizes the impact on customers of errors in infrastructure, services and external events. The focus is to diagnose and rectify faults in the IT infrastructure, to obtain the highest possible stability in IT Service Delivery.
In Service Management, a workflow is the end-to-end process of problem management, from the problem creation to the problem closure. The Service Management problem workflow, includes all necessary steps to log and resolve a problem, and is a best practice for problem management, reflecting ITILv3 and Micro Focus process recommendations.
The building blocks of the workflow are metaphases, phases and transitions. Service Management displays a graphic view of the workflow where you can see the current phase and the transitions that connect the current phase to all other phases.
The Problem Management workflow contains four metaphases and six phases that lead to closure. When you update a record or assign a new status, the record can transition from one process phase to the next automatically.
The Problem Manager assigns the problem to the Problem Analyst. The Problem Analyst analyzes the problem to identify the root cause, and searches for a fix or workaround. The Problem Analyst takes the actions required to fix the problem.
Metaphase: Done (End)
The analyst can close the problem after recording all related information. In addition, in appropriate circumstances the analyst can abandon a problem, meaning the record is no longer active.